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托福TPO-31 Lecture 1(下)

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People's characters were believed to be very sensitive to music.

人们认为,人的性格对音乐非常敏感。

If you started playing around with the rules, you know, messing up the mathematical order, you could do serious harm.

如果你开始玩弄规则,你懂的,就是打乱数学秩序,你可能会造成严重伤害。

That's why music was considered so powerful.

这就是为什么人们认为音乐很有力量。

If you knew the rules, it could do great good.

如果你对规则了如指掌,这很有用。

But if you broke them, you could do great harm to the character of the listener.

但如果你打破规则,你可能会对听者的性格造成严重伤害。

古希腊音乐.jpg

So, we have this Greek idea that music is directly related to human character and behavior.

我们知道了,希腊人的观点是,音乐史直接与人类性格和行为相关的。

The philosopher, Plato, talks about this in the context of education.

哲学家柏拉图在教育(学生)时提到过这一点。

For Plato, music is an important element in education, but only the right kind of music—that means the kind of music that builds the kind of character a good citizen or a future leader would need.

柏拉图认为,音乐是教育中重要的元素,但仅限于合适的音乐——意思是能素质好公民或好领袖所需性格的音乐。

Yes. For Plato, there is a kind of music that instills the qualities of leadership, just as there is a kind of music that makes a person soft and weak.

对柏拉图来说,有某种音乐能塑造领袖所需的素质,正如也有某种音乐能使人变得软弱。

Now, Plato has very specific, very conventional kinds of music in mind.

柏拉图心中有非常明确的传统音乐。

He is not fond of innovation.

他不喜欢创新。

There were musicians in Plato's day who were experimenting with different melodies and rhythms.

在柏拉图时期,也有音乐家不断实验新的旋律和节奏。

A definite no-no for Plato.

在柏拉图那儿可行不通。

He thinks that breaking with tradition leads to all sorts of social problems, serious problems, even the breakdown of the fabric of society.

他认为,打破传统会引发各种各样的社会问题,这些问题都很严重,甚至会(导致)社会结构的瓦解。

I am thinking back now to when I first started listening to rock 'n' roll and I remember my father saying it was a bad influence on us.

我现在回想我第一次听摇滚乐,我还记得我爸爸说那对我们是不好的影响。

I think he would have gotten along well with Plato.

我想他和柏拉图应该很聊得来。

Anyway, I don't need to tell you what I think about Plato's ideas about innovation, do I?

无论如何,我不需要告诉你们我对柏拉图对于创新的态度的看法了吧?

Though I have to say it's interesting that the same arguments against new music and art are still being made.

但我要说,同样反对新型音乐和艺术的观点现在仍然存在,这很有趣。

Perhaps like the Greeks, we recognize, and maybe even fear the power of music.

也许正如希腊人,我们承认,也许甚至畏惧音乐所具有的力量吧。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
recognize ['rekəgnaiz]

想一想再看

vt. 认出,认可,承认,意识到,表示感激

 
related [ri'leitid]

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adj. 相关的,有亲属关系的

 
conventional [kən'venʃənl]

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adj. 传统的,惯例的,常规的

 
definite ['definit]

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adj. 明确的,确切的,有把握的

联想记忆
sensitive ['sensitiv]

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adj. 敏感的,灵敏的,易受伤害的,感光的,善解人意的

联想记忆
innovation [.inəu'veiʃən]

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n. 创新,革新

联想记忆
specific [spi'sifik]

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adj. 特殊的,明确的,具有特效的
n. 特

联想记忆
social ['səuʃəl]

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adj. 社会的,社交的
n. 社交聚会

 
context ['kɔntekst]

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n. 上下文,环境,背景

联想记忆
element ['elimənt]

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n. 元素,成分,组成部分,(复数)恶劣天气

 

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