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托福TPO-32 Lecture 1(下)

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Obviously this meant that we had to rethink our previous notions about when bananas first arrived in Africa.

很明显,这意味着我们要重新思考之前的观点,关于香蕉首次抵达非洲的时间了。

But, well, this discovery had other implications for history.

但是这个发现还有其他跟历史相关的含意。

As soon as bananas appear in the archaeological record, we know we have contact between Africa and Southeast Asia.

香蕉刚出现在考古记录里,我们便知道非洲和东南亚有过交流。

It would appear now that this contact occurred much earlier than previously thought.

现在表明似乎这个交流比我们之前想象得要早很多。

Although...now here's where the uncertainty comes in...we don't really have any solid evidence of trade between the peoples of these two regions that long ago.

但是现在这里有不确定因素。我们没有任何真正的确凿证据能够表明这两个地域的人民在那么久远之前有过贸易往来。

香蕉植物岩.jpg

Presumably, if people were bringing bananas to Africa, they'd also be bringing other things too: pottery, tools...all sorts of objects made for trade or daily use.

很有可能地是如果人们把香蕉带到非洲,他们应该也会带其他的物品:瓷器、工具、各种用做贸易或日常生活的物品。

But any such evidence is missing from the archaeological record.

但是考古记录没有这方面的证据。

The early appearance of bananas also suggests that agriculture began in this part of Africa earlier than scientists imagined.

香蕉早期的出现也表明农业在非洲这部分开始的时间比科学家们想象得要早。

You see, bananas, at least the edible kind, can't grow without human intervention.

你看,香蕉至少是可食用的种类,必须要在人的干预下才能生长。

They have to be cultivated. People need to plant them and care for them.

它们必须要人类耕种才能生长。人们需要种植它们并照顾它们。

So if bananas were present in Uganda 5,000 years ago, we would have to assume that someone planted them.

所以如果香蕉5000年前就出现在乌干达的话,我们应该可以假定是有人类耕种的。

But, there are questions about this too.

但是这个理论也有一些问题。

We know that bananas can be a staple food that can support large populations, as they did in Uganda in the more recent past.

我们知道香蕉可以是一种够养活很多人的主食,就像它们近些年在乌干达那样。

If bananas were grown thousands of years ago, why don't we see evidence of large populations thriving in the area earlier? So, we are left with this mystery.

如果香蕉几千年前就种植了,那为什么我们没有看到那个地方早些时候有过很多人口呢?这是还未解答的谜团。

We have what appears to be strong biological evidence that bananas were being cultivated in Uganda as early as 5,000 years ago.

我们有看似强有力的生物证据表明香蕉早在5000年前就在乌干达耕种了。

But we are missing other kinds of evidence that would conclusively prove that this is so. Clearly, more research needs to be done.

但是我们缺少其他可以最后证明这个结论的一些证据。很明显,还需要做更多的研究。

Perhaps by some young scholars from this university? At least give it some thought.

或许这个大学的一些年轻学者可以做?至少思考一下它。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
edible ['edibl]

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n. 食品,食物
adj. 可食用的

 
appearance [ə'piərəns]

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n. 外表,外貌,出现,出场,露面

联想记忆
uncertainty [ʌn'sə:tnti]

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n. 不确定,不可靠,半信半疑 (学术)不可信度; 偏差

 
intervention [.intə'venʃən]

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n. 插入,介入,调停

 
archaeological [.a:kiə'lɔdʒikəl]

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adj. 考古学的,考古学上的

 
evidence ['evidəns]

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n. 根据,证据
v. 证实,证明

联想记忆
previous ['pri:vjəs]

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adj. 在 ... 之前,先,前,以前的

联想记忆
cultivated ['kʌltiveitid]

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adj. 栽植的,有教养的
动词cultiva

 
previously ['pri:vju:sli]

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adv. 先前,在此之前

 
assume [ə'sju:m]

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vt. 假定,设想,承担; (想当然的)认为

联想记忆

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