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托福TPO-32 Lecture 4(上)

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Listen to part of a lecture in an architectural history class.

听一段建筑史的讲座。

Professor: So last week we started our unit on residential architecture in the United States.

教授:在上周,我们开始了关于美国住宅建筑的单元。

So today we'll be surveying a number of architects who made contributions to residential architecture in the 19th century.

今天我们将学习一些在19世纪对住宅建筑做出了贡献的建筑师。

Now, it's worth noting that people who designed homes at that time probably had to deal with a certain amount of discouragement.

值得注意的是,在当时设计房屋的人可能需要面对一些挫折。

建筑学.jpg

Since there were other architects who thought it was more respectable to design the kind of buildings...and maybe other structures...that were less...less utilitarian in their function.

因为其他建筑师认为它不如其他非实用的建筑物等等的设计值得尊敬。

In fact, an article from an 1876 issue of a journal called The American Architect and Building News stated that, and this is a quote, they stated that "the planning of houses isn't architecture at all"!

事实上,在1876年发行的一篇《美国建筑师和建筑新闻》的期刊里曾说过,引用他们的话是“设计房屋根本不属于建筑学”!

So keep that journal article in mind as we look at the work of an architect named Harriet Morrison Irwin.

所以记着这篇期刊的文章,我们来看看一个叫哈里特·莫里森·欧文的建筑师的作品。

Harriet Morrison Irwin was from the South, born in North Carolina in 1828.

哈里特·莫里森·欧文来自南方,于1828年出生在北卡罗来纳州。

At the time, there weren't many architects from the southern United States.

当时的美国南部没有多少建筑师。

And as you might imagine, very few of them were women.

而且正如你们想象的,这些人中极少有女性。

So Irwin was really a pretty exceptional case.

所以欧文是一个非常特殊的情况。

And she wasn't even formally trained as an architect.

她甚至没有正式受过建筑师方面的训练。

Her educational background was in literature.

她的教育背景是在文学方面。

Yes, Vicky?

维琪,什么事?

Student: So she just had like...a natural gift for architecture?

学生:所以她就是有一种在建筑方面的自然天赋吗?

Professor: Yes. She was actually a writer for several years.

教授:是的,实际上她当过好几年作家。

But she did have a penchant for math and engineering, so she read a lot about it on her own.

但她确实特别的喜好数学和工程,所以她靠自己读了很多关于建筑方面的内容。

Um...especially the architectural essays written by the British critic—John Ruskin.

尤其是当时英国的评论家约翰·拉斯金著的建筑论文。

And John Ruskin believed what?

而约翰·拉斯金是怎么想的?

Student: Um...that buildings should have a lot of access to the outdoors, to nature.

学生:建筑物应该更多地接近户外,接近自然。

Ruskin said that being close to nature was great for people's mental and physical health.

拉斯金表示,接近大自然对人们的身心健康都非常有好处。

Professor: Right! So that was an influence.

教授:没错,所以这对她是一个影响。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
exceptional [ik'sepʃənl]

想一想再看

adj. 例外的,异常的,特别的,杰出的

联想记忆
function ['fʌŋkʃən]

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n. 功能,函数,职务,重大聚会
vi. 运行

 
issue ['iʃju:]

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n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
vi. & vt

 
mental ['mentl]

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adj. 精神的,脑力的,精神错乱的
n. 精

联想记忆
architect ['ɑ:kitekt]

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n. 建筑师

联想记忆
respectable [ri'spektəbl]

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n. 品格高尚的人
adj. 值得尊重的,人格

联想记忆
penchant ['pentʃənt]

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n. 喜好(倾向)

 
certain ['sə:tn]

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adj. 确定的,必然的,特定的
pron.

 
quote [kwəut]

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n. 引用
v. 引述,举证,报价

联想记忆
critic ['kritik]

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n. 批评家,评论家

联想记忆

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