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托福TPO-40 Lecture 1(上)

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Narrator: Listen to part of a lecture in an art history class.

请听艺术史课上的部分内容。

Professor: Last class I passed out your assignment for your first paper and today I want to spend some time going over it.

教授:上一节课我把你们第一篇论文的作业都发下去了,今天我想花点时间再说一下。

Most people never take any art history until they get to college, so many of you have probably never written an art history paper before.

大部分人在进入大学之前从来没学过艺术史,所以你们中很多人可能以前从来没有写过一篇艺术史的论文。

I gave you a list of appropriate works of art for you to write about.

我给你们列了一些适合你们写的艺术作品。

So your next step in this process needs to be to go look at the work you've selected as your topic and bring a pencil and a notepad with you.

所以你们在这个过程中的下一步就是去看看你们选来作为主题的作品,并且要带着一支铅笔和一个笔记本去。

艺术.jpg

Because I don't mean you should just drop by at the museum and glance at it, so you can say you've seen it in real life, you need to go and sit in front of the work and really look at it carefully and slowly, and keep careful notes about what you see.

因为我的意思不是你们应该只是顺路去一趟博物馆然后看一眼,这样就说你们已经亲眼看过它了,你们需要去坐在这个作品前,慢慢地仔细地看看它,并且把你们看到的认真地用笔记下来。

You'll need them for the kind of art history paper you are going to be writing, it's what we call a formal analysis.

你们在写这种艺术史论文的时候会需要这些笔记的,我们把这叫做形式分析。

A formal analysis of a work of art, any kind of art, is based on its formal qualities, which means qualities related to the form.

对一个艺术作品,任何类型的艺术的形式分析都是以它的形式质量为基础的,也就是与形式相关的质量。

Things like color, texture, line, shapes, proportion and composition.

像色彩、纹理、线条、形状、比例和构图这样的东西。

Uh, probably the closest thing to a formal analysis you might have written is for an English class.

可能你们写过的和形式分析最相近的东西就是在英语课上了。

If you've, say, written an analysis of a poem, you've used the same skills.

假设,如果你们写过诗歌分析的话,你们使用的是同样的技巧。

You've given an analysis of the poem by describing and analyzing its form and meter.

你们通过描述和分析诗歌的形式和韵律来对它作出分析。

A formal analysis paper in art history is very similar.

艺术史的形式分析论文和这非常相似。

Now, before you begin writing your formal analysis, you wanna start with a summary of the overall appearance of the work, a brief description of what you see: either figures, people, what are they doing, or is it a landscape, or an abstract representation of something.

在你们开始写形式分析之前,你们要先总结一下作品的整体外观,简要地描述一下你们看到的:无论是人物、人、他们在做的事情还是一个风景画或者对某个事物的抽象描绘。

Tell what the subject is and what aspects are emphasized in the painting.

描述一下作品的主题是什么,以及画作中强调了哪方面的内容。

This will give your reader an overview of what the work looks like before you analyze it.

这会在你开始分析之前,让你的读者对这个作品的样子有一个大概的想法。

The next part of your paper, the actual formal analysis, would be the longest and most important section of your paper, where you describe and analyze individual design elements.

你们论文的下一个部分,也就是真正的形式分析会是论文中最长也是最重要的章节,你们要在这个部分描述并分析单独的设计元素。

For this portion of the paper, you are going to rely on the notes you took at the museum because you should be able to describe in detail the design elements the artist uses and how they are used.

在论文的这个部分,你们就要依靠你们在博物馆做的笔记了,因为你们应该能够具体描述这个画家使用的设计元素以及它们是如何应用的。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
landscape ['lændskeip]

想一想再看

n. 风景,山水,风景画
v. 美化景观

 
glance [glɑ:ns]

想一想再看

v. 一瞥,扫视,匆匆一看,反光,闪烁,掠过

 
proportion [prə'pɔ:ʃən]

想一想再看

n. 比例,均衡,部份,(复)体积,规模
vt

联想记忆
related [ri'leitid]

想一想再看

adj. 相关的,有亲属关系的

 
portion ['pɔ:ʃən]

想一想再看

n. 部分,份,命运,分担的责任

联想记忆
describe [dis'kraib]

想一想再看

vt. 描述,画(尤指几何图形),说成

联想记忆
composition [.kɔmpə'ziʃən]

想一想再看

n. 作文,著作,组织,合成物,成份

联想记忆
narrator [næ'reitə]

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n. 叙述者,讲解员

 
assignment [ə'sainmənt]

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n. 分配,功课,任务,被指定的(课外)作业;(分派的)

联想记忆
texture ['tekstʃə]

想一想再看

n. (材料等的)结构,特点,表面,基本结构

 

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