The third adaptive strategy is to avoid the drought conditions altogether.
Yes! There are plants that do this: annual plants.
An annual plant will mature and produce seeds in a single season that will become the next generation of annual plants.
In desert conditions, annual plants grow in the fall or spring to avoid the heat of summer and the cold of winter.
Of course, these plants could face a serious problem if a particular fall or spring happen to be very dry.
They would have difficulty growing and could die before producing seeds.
But they have a mechanism to prevent one year of low rainfall from wiping them out.
Not all seeds an annual plant puts out will grow the following year.
Some seeds remain dormant in the ground for several years.
It’s a type of insurance that protects the annual plants from a season of poor growing conditions, of unfavorable weather.