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托福TPO-41 Lecture 3-4

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The only time we have written records is when the architect wasn’t actually there.

唯一会有书面记录的时候是当建筑设计师本人不在的时候。
Perhaps the architect was away on business and had to write out instructions and send them to the shop.
也许这位设计师出差去了,必须把指令写下来然后寄到工作室去。
And another thing to think about: what effect do you suppose this approach would have had on innovation?
另一件要思考的事:你们认为这种方法会对创新产生什么影响?
I mean, since the hired artisans had been trained by other artisans, they tended to be trained to use traditional styles and techniques.
我是说,因为受雇的工匠是由其他工匠训练的,所以他们往往被训练成要使用传统的风格和技术。
So if you’re a master architect, uh, you’ve developed your own style.
那么,如果你是一个建筑大师,而你已经发展出了自己的风格。
Say you’re calling for certain detail in the building you’re designing, right?
假设你要求在你设计的建筑中加入特定的细节。
And say this detail is different, purposely different, from the established tradition, the established style.
假设这个细节与众不同,而且故意设计得和现有的传统,现有的风格不一样。
Well, most likely when the hired artisans would execute the design, rather than follow the intended design, they would stick with the more traditional style that they were familiar with.
当受雇的工匠按照这个设计施工时,他们很可能会坚持用他们熟悉的更传统的风格,而不是按照拟好的设计来施工。
Workers would have to be supervised very closely to prevent this from happening.
必须非常紧密地监督工人才能防止这种事情发生。
Otherwise, as it often happened, there goes the designer’s style and creativity.
否则,通常会出现的情况的是,设计师的风格和创意会悄然消失。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
architect ['ɑ:kitekt]

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n. 建筑师

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prevent [pri'vent]

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v. 预防,防止

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innovation [.inəu'veiʃən]

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n. 创新,革新

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creativity [.kri:ei'tiviti]

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n. 创造力,创造

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stick [stik]

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n. 枝,杆,手杖
vt. 插于,刺入,竖起<

 
designer [di'zainə]

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n. 设计者

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execute ['eksikju:t]

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vt. 执行,处决,实行,完成
[计算机] 执

 
established [is'tæbliʃt]

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adj. 已被确认的,确定的,建立的,制定的 动词est

 
approach [ə'prəutʃ]

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n. 接近; 途径,方法
v. 靠近,接近,动

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intended [in'tendid]

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adj. 故意的,有意的;打算中的 n. 已订婚者 v.

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