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托福TPO-44 Conversation 1-2

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Yes, but that’s just it. When people know they are being watched, they act differently.

是的,但是问题就出在这儿。当人们知道有人在看他们时,他们的行为会有所不同。
Let me explain how the Hawthorne effect got its name and...well...you’ll get the idea.
我来给你解释一下Hawthorne效应是如何得名的以及......听完以后你就懂了。
See, there was a manufacturing facility called the Hawthorne plant.
曾经有一个制造厂叫做Hawthorne工厂。
And researchers conducted some experiments there to see what conditions make workers the most productive.
研究人员在那里进行了一些实验来看看什么条件会使得工人最多产。
What sort of conditions?
什么样的条件?
Well, one thing they experimented with was the lights.
他们实验的一个条件是灯光。
Were workers more productive with bright lights or dim lights?
工人在明亮的灯光下更多产,还是在昏暗的灯光下呢?
Well, here is the thing, whatever the researchers did, the workers’ productivity increased.
问题来了,无论研究人员做什么,工人的生产能力都提高了。
When the lighting was improved, productivity went up, when the lighting was dimmed, productivity went up again.
当灯光改善了时,产量上升了,当灯光调暗了,产量同样也上升了。
That doesn’t make a lot of sense.Exactly! So initially the experiment was considered a failure.
这说不大通啊。正是!所以最初这个实验被认为是失败的。
But then, the researchers realized that their own presence had affected the workers’ productivity.
但是紧接着,研究人员意识到他们自己的存在影响了工人的生产能力。
The workers knew that the researchers were watching them, and with so much attention on them, the workers felt compelled to work harder.
工人知道研究人员正看着他们,身上有了那么多关注之后,工人们感觉不得不更卖力地工作。
Oh, I guess that really could be an issue with my group’s research.
哦,我想这对我的小组研究来说真的可能是个问题。
Yes, but I don’t want to send you all back to square one.
是的,但是我不想把你们全部打回原点。
So how about you set up a meeting with your group members and discuss this, then we can meet again and go over your ideas.
所以,不如你和你的小组成员举行一个会议讨论一下,然后我们再见一面捋一捋你们的想法。
And I think that we should be able to figure out a way to get around the problem.
我觉得我们应该能想出办法避开这个麻烦。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
dim [dim]

想一想再看

adj. 暗淡的,模糊的,笨的
v. 使暗淡,

 
issue ['iʃju:]

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n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
vi. & vt

 
initially [i'niʃəli]

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adv. 最初,开头

 
affected [ə'fektid]

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adj. 受影响的,受感动的,受疾病侵袭的 adj. 做

联想记忆
figure ['figə]

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n. 图形,数字,形状; 人物,外形,体型
v

联想记忆
productive [prə'dʌktiv]

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adj. 能生产的,有生产价值的,多产的

联想记忆
presence ['prezns]

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n. 出席,到场,存在
n. 仪态,风度

 
productivity [.prɔdʌk'tiviti]

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n. 生产率,生产能力

联想记忆

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