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托福TPO-44 Lecture 2-3

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But to understand Greek plays, you need to understand an additional function of the chorus.

但是要弄懂希腊戏剧,你需要理解歌舞队的一个额外职能。
Yes, the ancient Greek chorus did most definitely sing and dance like choruses do today,
是的,古希腊的歌舞队明确地和今天的歌舞队一样唱歌和跳舞,
but the chorus’ most important role was commenting on what the characters on stage were doing and thinking.
但是歌舞队最重要的角色是对舞台上人物在做和想的事情做出评论。
In fact, Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, thought the chorus should be considered as acting out a role in the play.
事实上,希腊哲学家亚里士多德认为歌舞队应该被认为是在戏剧中出演了一个角色。
Yeah, I read that a chorus could have a distinct personality, just like a person.
是的,我读到过,歌舞队可能有一个很独特的个性,就像一个人一样。
Absolutely. In fact, you’ll see an excellent example of that in the first play we’ll be studying.
没错。事实上,在我们将要学习的第一个戏剧中你们就会看到一个很好的例子。
Okay, the last space was the seating area for the audiences. This was called the theatron.
好了,最后的区域是观众的坐席区。这里被叫做theatron。
In ancient Greek, theatron means seeing; that’s S-E-E-I-N-G, seeing place.
在古希腊, theatron指的是看,看的地方。
The theaton was shaped in a semi-circle with rows of seating rising up the sides of the bowl.
theatron被做成了半圆形,在碗状的各个面上升起了很多排座位。
It was designed to take advantage of the natural acoustic benefits of the setting.
它被设计来利用该环境中的天然音响好处。
The shape of the bowl captured sound and funneled it upwards so that even in the top rows, spectators were able to hear the performers very clearly.
碗一样的形状捕捉到了声音,并且把它向上集中,这样即使在顶排的座位上,观众也能清楚地听到演员的声音。
Actually, that the name theatron means seeing place is kind of ironic.
事实上, theatron这个名字的意思是看的地方有点讽刺。
Some theaters had fifty or more rows of seats accommodating up to 14,000 spectators, ascending way up to the hillside,
一些剧院有50排或50排以上的座位,容纳了14000多名观众,一直延伸到了山上,
and this was long before theater binoculars were invented.
而这远在剧院用双筒望远镜发明之前。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
additional [ə'diʃənl]

想一想再看

adj. 附加的,另外的

 
setting ['setiŋ]

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n. 安装,放置,周围,环境,(为诗等谱写的)乐曲

 
function ['fʌŋkʃən]

想一想再看

n. 功能,函数,职务,重大聚会
vi. 运行

 
chorus ['kɔ:rəs]

想一想再看

n. 合唱队,歌舞队,齐声说道,副歌部分,
v

联想记忆
acting ['æktiŋ]

想一想再看

n. 演戏,行为,假装 adj. 代理的,临时的,供演出

 
accommodating [ə'kɔmədeitiŋ]

想一想再看

adj. 乐于助人的 动词accommodate的现在分

 
distinct [dis'tiŋkt]

想一想再看

adj. 独特的,不同的,明显的,清楚的

联想记忆
ironic [ai'rɔnik]

想一想再看

adj. 说反话的,讽刺的

 
advantage [əd'vɑ:ntidʒ]

想一想再看

n. 优势,有利条件
vt. 有利于

联想记忆
understand [.ʌndə'stænd]

想一想再看

vt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为<

 

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