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托福TPO-44 Lecture 3-1

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Listen to part of a lecture in an anthropology class.

请听人类学课上的部分内容。
So, we’ve been talking about early civilizations, how they developed, and early agriculture.
所以,我们一直在讨论早期的文明,它们是如何发展的,以及早期的农业。
And it’s believed that agriculture arose independently in a few areas of the world about 10,000 years ago,
人们相信农业大约1万年前在世界上几个地区独立出现,
and then spread from those areas to the rest of the world.
然后再从那些地区传播到了世界上其他地区。
Those cradles of agriculture include the Middle East, China and Southeast Asia, and parts of the Americas.
那些农业的发源地包括中东、中国、东南亚和美洲部分地区。
Now, for many years archaeologists have speculated that agriculture also arose independently in another center, too---New Guinea,
多年以来,考古学家推测农业还在另一个中心独立出现了,
which is just north of Australia, in the South Pacific Ocean.
那就是位于南太平洋澳大利亚北部的新几内亚。
You can see it on this map.
你们可以在这张地图上看到它。
So, it’d been assumed for a long time that New Guinea, that domesticated plants and animals, the practice of agriculture, generally,
人们已经相信了很长时间,一般来说,新几内亚......驯化的植物和动物,
had been introduced from Southeast Asia about 3,500 years ago, had come south essentially.
农业的实践是3500多年前从东南亚传入到了南半球。
Then in the 1960s and 70s, research was conducted at sites in New Guinea to explore the possibility of independent agricultural development.
接着在二十世纪60年代和70年代,他们在新几内亚的几个地点进行了调查,探究独立农业发展的可能性。
But unfortunately, the evidence gathered at that time was inconclusive.
但不幸的是,那时收集到的证据并不足以下定论。
For instance, although evidence was found of deforestation, you know, cutting down trees, from at least 7,000 years ago,
比如,虽然发现了至少来自7000年前的森林开伐的证据,也就是砍伐树木的证据,

重点单词   查看全部解释    
inconclusive [.inkən'klu:siv]

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adj. 非决定性,不确定的,不得要领的

 
evidence ['evidəns]

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n. 根据,证据
v. 证实,证明

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independent [indi'pendənt]

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adj. 独立的,自主的,有主见的
n. 独立

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essentially [i'senʃəli]

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adv. 本质上,本来

 
spread [spred]

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v. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒
n.

 
assumed [ə'sju:md]

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adj. 假装的;假定的

 
deforestation [.di:fɔris'teiʃən]

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n. 森林开伐,滥伐森林

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pacific [pə'sifik]

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n. 太平洋
adj. 太平洋的
p

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explore [iks'plɔ:]

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v. 探险,探测,探究

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