Listen to part of a lecture in an anthropology class.
So, we’ve been talking about early civilizations, how they developed, and early agriculture.
And it’s believed that agriculture arose independently in a few areas of the world about 10,000 years ago,
and then spread from those areas to the rest of the world.
Those cradles of agriculture include the Middle East, China and Southeast Asia, and parts of the Americas.
Now, for many years archaeologists have speculated that agriculture also arose independently in another center, too---New Guinea,
which is just north of Australia, in the South Pacific Ocean.
You can see it on this map.
So, it’d been assumed for a long time that New Guinea, that domesticated plants and animals, the practice of agriculture, generally,
had been introduced from Southeast Asia about 3,500 years ago, had come south essentially.
Then in the 1960s and 70s, research was conducted at sites in New Guinea to explore the possibility of independent agricultural development.
But unfortunately, the evidence gathered at that time was inconclusive.
For instance, although evidence was found of deforestation, you know, cutting down trees, from at least 7,000 years ago,