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托福TPO-45 Lecture 1-4

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Now, although this method may seem complicated,

虽然这种方法看上去有些复杂,
artists since antiquity have used anatomical observations to try to get the proportions of the human figure as accurate as possible,
但画家们从古代起就使用了解剖观察来试着尽可能精准地弄清人类的身材比例,
though obviously not to the degree that Alberti was recommending.
虽然显然没有达到Alberti推荐的那种程度。
Now, in addition to characters, the setting is extremely important, especially when attempting to tell a story realistically.
除了人物之外,环境也极其重要,尤其是在试图逼真地讲述一个故事的时候。
Renaissance artists essentially needed to create a three-dimensional scene on a two-dimensional surface.
文化复兴艺术家们本质上需要在一个二维的表面上创作出一个三维的景象。
They accomplished this by the use of perspective, a relatively new idea for artists at the time.
他们通过运用透视法实现了这一点,这对当时的艺术家来说是一个相对较新的概念。
In particular, the type of perspective that Alberti advocated was called “Linear One-point Perspective”.
尤其是Alberti提倡的这种透视法被称为“线性一点透视法”。
In fact, Alberti was one of the artists who developed the geometry behind linear one-point perspective.
事实上,Alberti是开发出了线性一点透视法背后的几何结构的艺术家之一。
Linear perspective basically consists of drawing straight lines that extend from the forefront of the painting into the background,
线性透视法主要由画从画的最前部延伸到后面的直线组成,
lines that seem to be paralleled to each other, but which actually converge on a single point in the horizon, called the vanishing point.
这些直线似乎是互相平行的,但实际上汇聚到了水平线上的一个单独的点,这个点叫做没影点。
By drawing figures and objects smaller and smaller, as the lines get closer together, the artist is able to create depth in a painting.
通过把人物和物体画得越来越小,随着这些线条离彼此越来越近,画家能够在画上创造出深度。
This gives the illusion of a third dimension, and makes the work of art more realistic.
这产生了一种第三维度的错觉,并且把这个艺术品变得更逼真了。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
figure ['figə]

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n. 图形,数字,形状; 人物,外形,体型
v

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complicated ['kɔmplikeitid]

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adj. 复杂的,难懂的
动词complica

 
extend [iks'tend]

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v. 扩充,延伸,伸展,扩展

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converge [kən'və:dʒ]

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vi. 聚合,集中于一点
vt. 使集合

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addition [ə'diʃən]

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n. 增加,附加物,加法

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realistic [riə'listik]

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adj. 现实的,现实主义的

 
renaissance [rə'neisəns]

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n. 文艺复兴,再生

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anatomical [,ænə'tɔmikəl]

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adj. 解剖的;解剖学的;结构上的

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dimension [di'menʃən]

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n. 尺寸,次元,容积,维度,范围,方面
vt

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perspective [pə'spektiv]

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n. 远景,看法,透视
adj. 透视的

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