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托福TPO-45 Lecture 4-2

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Why wouldn’t they use pottery?

他们为什么不用陶器呢?
Good question. What would some of the drawbacks of ceramic containers be for ancient people groups in the Arctic?
问得好。陶土容器对住在北极的古人来说有哪些缺点?
Ancient Arctic societies were nomadic, right?
古时候的北极社会是游牧民族,对吧?
I get it! Clay pots are fragile, so if people were moving around all the time, well, the pots would probably keep breaking.
我知道了!陶土罐很易碎,所以如果人们一直四处移居的话,这些罐子可能会一个接一个碎掉。
Precisely. Ceramic cooking vessels can’t be transported easily. That’s one thing.
没错。陶土炊具无法轻易运输。这是一点。
And think of how ceramics are produced. You need water and clay of course.
再想想陶器是如何制作的,你需要水和黏土,这毋庸置疑。
You need to make the pot, allow it to dry for a long time, warm, dry locations work best for this of course, and then you need to fire it, bake it.
你需要把罐子做出来,让它晾干很长时间,当然了,温暖干燥的地点是最好的,然后你要把它放进火里烘烤。
So you can see the role that climate would play in whether or not ancient people created and used ceramic cooking pots.
所以你们能看出来气候在古人是否制作和使用陶器炊具方面所起的作用。
And that’s why manufacturing pottery would have been a challenge, actually quite difficult for people in the Arctic.
而这就是为什么制作陶器是一项挑战了,事实上对生活在北极的人来说这相当困难。
But you’re saying they did make ceramic cooking pots.
但是你也说了他们确实会做陶器炊具。
Yes. So the question is, given all these clear disadvantages, why would Arctic people choose to make and use ceramic cooking vessels? Sue?
是的,所以问题是,考虑到所有这些明显的不利之处,北极人为什么还选择制作和使用陶器炊具呢?Sue?

重点单词   查看全部解释    
sue [su:]

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vt. 控告,起诉
vi. 请求,追求,起诉

 
fragile ['frædʒail]

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adj. 易碎的,脆的,精细的

联想记忆
nomadic [nəu'mædik]

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adj. 游牧的,游牧民族的,流浪的

 
ceramic [si'ræmik]

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adj. 陶器的 n. 陶器,陶瓷学

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challenge ['tʃælindʒ]

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n. 挑战
v. 向 ... 挑战

 
clay [klei]

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n. 粘土,泥土
n. (人的)肉体

 
pottery ['pɔtəri]

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n. 陶器

联想记忆

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