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托福TPO-46 Lecture 2-1

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Listen to part of a lecture in an art history class.

请听艺术史课上的部分内容。
As you know, portrait artists often position their subjects so that their head is turned a little to one side,
你们也知道,肖像画家通常会给他们的模特定一个姿势,这样他们的头就会稍微转向一边,
thereby presenting the artist with a semi-side view, a semi-profile view.
从而给画家呈现出一个半边的画面,一个半侧面的画面。
And for some reason, western European artists have historically tended to show the left-side of the subject’s face, more than the right.
出于某种原因,西欧画家历史上更愿意展示模特的左脸,而不是右脸。
A while back, some researchers examine about 1500 portraits painted from the 16th to the 20th century in Western Europe.
前阵子,一些研究人员查看了西欧16世纪到20世纪创作的1500幅肖像画。
And in the majority of them, it’s the left side of the face that’s most prominently displayed.
它们中大多数最突出展示的都是左边的脸。
Why is that? And interesting enough, this tendency to show the left side has diminished over time, especially in the 20th century.
为什么呢?而且有趣的是,这个展示左脸的趋势随着时间的流逝减少了,尤其是在20世纪。
In fact, the left-right ratio is now about 1:1---50% left, 50% right. Why is that?
事实上,现在左右的比率大概是1:1,50%左脸,50%右脸,这又是为什么呢?
We do know that for many artists, the choice of left side, right side was very important.
我们确实知道的是,对很多画家来说,左右边的选择非常重要。
There is an image by the Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh called the Potato Eaters that shows the profiles of a group of farmers.
荷兰画家梵高画了一幅叫做Potato Eaters的画,展示的是一群农民的侧脸。
It’s a lithograph, which is a print made from images drawn on a stone.
它采用了石印术,也就是从画在石头上的图画制作而成的画作。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
thereby ['ðɛə'bai]

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adv. 因此,从而

 
tendency ['tendənsi]

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n. 趋势,倾向

联想记忆
prominently

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adv. 显著地

 
majority [mə'dʒɔriti]

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n. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派
n.

 
portrait ['pɔ:trit]

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n. 肖像,画像
adj. (文件页面)

联想记忆
diminished [di'miniʃt]

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adj. 减退了的;减弱的 v. 减少;削弱(dimin

 

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