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托福TPO-47 Lecture 1-1

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Listen to part of a lecture in a literature class.

请听文学课上的部分内容。
So, um, in France Academy, which was created to uphold standards of literary taste, it was a very conservative organization.
那么,在法国有一个法国学会,它是成立来维护文学品味的标准的,是一个非常保守的组织。
It tried to keep things a certain way...uh...resist change, it dictated that French plays should neoclassical in form,
它试过将事物保持特定形式,抵制变化,它规定法国的话剧在形式上应该是新古典主义的,
you know, have five acts, sophisticated language, etc.
要有五幕、精致的语言等等。
But try as it might, it couldn’t stop change.
但尽管努力尝试了,它还是无法阻挡变化。
French drama was changing, though the transition from neoclassical drama to Romantic drama was itself pretty dramatic.
法国的戏剧在变,虽然从新古典主义戏剧过渡到浪漫主义戏剧本身就十分戏剧化。
Let’s look at a play by Victor Hugo called the Hernani, or as the French would say, Hernani,
我们来看看Victor Hugo写的一出叫做Hernani的戏,
although Hugo was a truly brilliant writer of essays, poems, novels, and plays, uh, his play, Hernani, isn’t a great play in and of itself.
虽然Hugo确实是一位才华横溢的散文作家、诗人、小说家和剧作家,但是,他的这出戏剧Hernani从头到尾都不是一部伟大的戏。
It’s got a really confusing, convoluted storyline.
它的故事线非常令人困惑,十分费解。
Critics back then were unimpressed by it,
那会儿的批评家对这部戏评价不高,
though it’s likely that their own feelings about how plays should be, neoclassical or romantic, affected their opinions about it.
虽然很可能他们对戏剧应该是什么样子的感情,比如应该是新古典主义的或浪漫主义的,影响了他们对它的看法。
But its premiere in Paris, in 1830, was anything but ordinary.
但是它1830年在巴黎的首映非同寻常。
Hernani’s opening night was probably one of the most important literary events in 19th century France!
Hernani的首演之夜可能是19世纪的法国最重要的文学事件之一。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
resist [ri'zist]

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v. 抵抗,反抗,抵制,忍住
n. 防蚀涂层

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unimpressed [,ʌnim'prest]

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adj. 无印记的(没有印象的);未受感动的

 
conservative [kən'sə:vətiv]

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adj. 保守的,守旧的
n. 保守派(党),

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certain ['sə:tn]

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adj. 确定的,必然的,特定的
pron.

 
victor ['viktə]

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n. 胜利者 Victor: 维克托(男子名)

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affected [ə'fektid]

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adj. 受影响的,受感动的,受疾病侵袭的 adj. 做

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dramatic [drə'mætik]

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adj. 戏剧性的,引人注目的,给人深刻印象的

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literary ['litərəri]

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adj. 文学的

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sophisticated [sə'fistikeitid]

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adj. 诡辩的,久经世故的,精密的,老练的,尖端的

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uphold [ʌp'həuld]

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v. 支撑,赞成,鼓励

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