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托福TPO-47 Lecture 1-2

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What happened was...OK, Hugo was a Romanticist, right?

发生的事情是......Hugo是浪漫主义学派的,对吧?
He was part of a growing movement of young authors and artists who were rebelling against neoclassicism, against the conventions of neoclassicism.
他是当时年轻作家和艺术家发起的不断壮大的运动中的一份子,这些人反抗新古典主义,反对新古典主义的常规。
And what this meant is that Hugo opposed the neoclassical unities that French theater had inherited from Greek drama.
而这就意味着Hugo反对法国戏剧从希腊话剧中继承的新古典主义三一律。
These unities were basically the unity of time, space and action,
这些规则主要是时间、地点和情节的一致性,
meaning that the entire play consisted of just one main event that was unfolding in just one specific place, usually in the course of one day.
即整个话剧仅由一个主要的活动组成,而这个活动通常只是一天之内发生在一个具体的地点。
And Hugo found this to be too constraining, he looked for inspiration in...
Hugo认为这太过约束了,他寻找灵感于.....
well...ok, Hugo is from the 19th century, but he looked to Shakespeare, several centuries in the past, long before neoclassicism.
.Hugo生活在19世纪,但他向生活在好几个世纪之前,远在新古典主义出现之前的莎士比亚看齐。
For example, in Shakespeare’s play, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, the play moves from indoors to outdoors, from the city to the forest, and back again.
举个例子来说,在莎士比亚的戏剧《仲夏夜之梦》中,这部戏从室内演到了室外,从城市演到了森林,然后再回来。
So there was a kind of mobility in...in the use of space.And...
所以在地点的运用方面有一种移动性。
well. .in A Midsummer Night’s Dream, of course the action in that play takes place on a single summer’s night,
当然了,在《仲夏夜之梦》中,戏剧的情节发生在一个夏天的晚上,
but in Shakespeare’s other plays, in Hamlet, for example, time elapses.
但是在莎士比亚的其他戏剧中,比如在《哈姆雷特》中,时间是有推移的。
People travel; they go to other destinations, and the action is not limited to one plot.
人们会旅行,会去其他目的地,而且戏剧不局限于一个情节。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
specific [spi'sifik]

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adj. 特殊的,明确的,具有特效的
n. 特

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movement ['mu:vmənt]

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n. 活动,运动,移动,[音]乐章

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opposed [ə'pəuzd]

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adj. 反对的,敌对的 v. 和 ... 起冲突,反抗

 
plot [plɔt]

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n. 阴谋,情节,图,(小块)土地,
v. 绘

 
limited ['limitid]

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adj. 有限的,被限制的
动词limit的过

 
inspiration [.inspə'reiʃən]

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n. 灵感,吸入,鼓舞人心(的东西)

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mobility [məu'biliti]

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n. 可动性,变动性,情感不定

联想记忆

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