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托福TPO-48 Lecture 4-2

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A national railroad system needs a lot of railroad tracks, right?

全国性的铁路系统需要很多铁轨,对吧?
And Carnegie seized the opportunity.
而Carnegie抓住了这次机会。
He built the world’s most modern steel mill,
他建造了当时世界上最现代的钢铁厂,
and he came up with a system of business organization called Vertical Integration.
并提出了一个叫做纵向一体化的商业组织体制。
Vertical Integration just means that...all...every single activity of a particular industry’s processing is performed by a single company.
纵向一体化的意思是......一个具体行业加工的每个单独活动都是由同一家公司进行的。
In the case of the steel industry, this means the mining of iron ore, the transportation used to get ore from the mine to the mill,
就钢铁行业的例子来说,这些活动就是挖铁矿、将矿石从矿场运到工厂使用的交通
turning the ore into the steel, the manufacturing process and sales.
把矿石炼成铁、制造加工和出售。
Carnegie controlled all of these, he practiced Vertical Integration on such a large scale that he practically owned the whole steel industry.
Carnegie控制了所有这些活动,他实行纵向一体化的规模非常大,以至于整个钢铁行业几乎都是他的。
This, of course, gave him a lot of political clout, just a quick sketch, but you get the idea, right?
这当然给他带来了很多政治势力,我们就简单介绍一下,但是你们听懂了我的意思,对吧?
Here is another example: John D.Rockefeller, Rockefeller owned an oil refinery, but he wanted to expand his business.
还有另外一个例子:John D.Rockefeller,Rockefeller曾拥有一座石油精炼厂,但是他想扩大生意。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
tracks

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n. 轨道(track的复数);磁道;轮胎

 
particular [pə'tikjulə]

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adj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的
n.

联想记忆
refinery [ri'fainəri]

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n. 精练厂

 
integration [.inti'greiʃən]

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n. 综合,集成,同化

 
transportation [.trænspə'teiʃən]

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n. 运输,运输系统,运输工具

联想记忆
ore [ɔ:]

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n. 矿,矿石

 
scale [skeil]

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n. 鳞,刻度,衡量,数值范围
v. 依比例决

 
clout [klaut]

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n. 猛击,影响力 [英]破布 v. 猛击

联想记忆
sketch [sketʃ]

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n. 素描,草图,概述,梗概
v. 速写,草拟

 
controlled [kən'trəuld]

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adj. 受约束的;克制的;受控制的 v. 控制;指挥;

 
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