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经济学人:欧洲养老金:一脚踏入阿尔加维 (2)

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Finland shredded its tax agreement with Portugal in June.

6月,芬兰撕毁了与葡萄牙的税收协定。
If Portugal does not accept a draft deal letting Finland tax most pensions drawn by its retirees there by November, it will start doing so anyway in January.
如果葡萄牙不接受让芬兰从11月开始对芬兰退休者的大部分退休金征税的起草协议,那么该国不论如何都将从1月起贯彻该规定。
It estimates that it loses a mere 3m-6m euros a year in revenue to Portugal, but says that as a matter of principle it can no longer tolerate "tax refugees".
据评估,每年该国流入葡萄牙的收入损失不过3到5百万欧元,但是该国表示原则上,他们将不再默许“税收难民”。
This is just sour grapes, says Pekka Pystynen, a retired former executive.
一名已退休的前主管Pekka Pystynen称这不过是吃不到葡萄说葡萄酸罢了。
Mr Pystynen spends his winters in his home in the Algarve and the summers at his cottage in Finland.
Pystynen在他位于阿尔加维的家中过冬,在芬兰的小屋中入夏。
The tax benefits were a bonus, he says, but the main draws were the weather and relaxed lifestyle.
税收优惠是一种奖励,他说,但主要吸引人的地方还是天气和放松的生活方式。
Pensioners are important to Portugal's tourism industry, which contributed over 17% to the country's GDP in 2017. One job in five is linked to tourism.
领退休金的人对葡萄牙的旅游业非常重要,2017年旅游业对该国GDP的贡献超过17%。五分之一的工作都和旅游业挂钩。

欧洲养老金:一脚踏入阿尔加维 (2).jpg

The average pension paid to Finns living in Portugal is around 3,500 euros a month. Since prices are a fifth lower than the euro-area average, that goes a long way.

居住在葡萄牙的芬兰人平均每月的养老金约为3500欧元。由于该数额比欧元区平均数额低五分之一,这对该国大有帮助。
According to Sirpa Uimonen of the University of Helsinki, Finns living in the Algarve spend 14,700 euros a year on average, over 20% more than locals do.
赫尔辛基大学的Sirpa Uimonen表示,生活在阿尔加维的芬兰人平均每年支出为14,700欧元,比本地人的平均年支出多20%。
Withdrawing from double-taxation agreements is rare. Denmark ended its deals with Spain and France in 2009, also because of rows about pensions.
退出双重课税协议是很少见的。2009年丹麦终止和西班牙及法国的协议,也是由于养老金争端。
In the case of Portugal, other countries may follow Finland's lead. Sweden's finance minister has pressed to do so.
至于葡萄牙,其他国家或许会以芬兰为榜样。瑞典的财政部长强烈要求这么做。
More commonly, countries take matters into their own hands. France is about to start taxing French pensions that are paid abroad.
更普遍的情况是,各国会亲自出马。法国将开始对海外支付的法国养老金征税。
And a new bilateral agreement means that Britain will soon start taxing British government-service pensions drawn in Cyprus.
新的双边协议意味着英国很快将开始对在塞浦路斯提取的英国政府公务员养老金征税。
Portugal's generosity to retired foreigners has been criticised by locals. They pay up to 48% on their pensions; property prices rose by 10% last year.
葡萄牙对外国退休者的慷慨受到了当地人的批评。去年他们在养老金上的支出高达48%;房价上涨了10%。
Extra demand from foreign buyers will not have helped. One political party, the Left Bloc, has proposed closing the pensions loophole.
来自外国买家的额外需求并没什么帮助。左翼联盟建议关闭养老金漏洞。
Retired foreigners may soon have to decide whether vinho verde and pasteis de nata are enough of a draw.
退休外国人或许很快便要决定葡萄牙绿酒和蛋挞是否有足够的吸引力。

译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载。

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executive [ig'zekjutiv]

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adj. 行政的,决策的,经营的,[计算机]执行指令

 
rare [rɛə]

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adj. 稀罕的,稀薄的,罕见的,珍贵的
ad

 
principle ['prinsəpl]

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n. 原则,原理,主义,信念

 
bonus ['bəunəs]

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n. 奖金,红利

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generosity [.dʒenə'rɔsiti]

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n. 慷慨,大方

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relaxed [ri'lækst]

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adj. 放松的, 松懈的,随意的 relax的过去式(

 
property ['prɔpəti]

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n. 财产,所有物,性质,地产,道具

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draft [dræft]

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n. 草稿,草图,汇票,徵兵
vt. 起草,征

 
tolerate ['tɔləreit]

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vt. 容忍,忍受

 

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