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经济学人:几内亚人的火星生活(1)

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In the small village of Lasanayah, Mamadou Kalissa looks out over his ancestral home.

在Lasanayah的一个小村庄里,马马杜·卡利萨朝着自己的老家看去。
Last year it was farmland but now bauxite mining has turned it into a Martian landscape that extends as far as the eye can see.
去年,这里还是农田,如今铝土矿开采将这个地方变成了一片一望无际的火星景象。
Guinea's red gold is the main ore used to make aluminium. The Boke region in western Guinea has some of the world's richest reserves.
几内亚的红金是用于制作铝的主要矿石。几内亚西部的博凯大区是世界几处储备最丰富的地区之一。
A mining lorry rolls past, kicking up dust and causing Mr Kalissa to cough and spit saliva with a reddish tinge.
采矿卡车从这里驶过,扬起的灰层让卡利萨咳嗽,吐出的唾液也带有一些微红。
Every day hundreds of these lorries tear past the surrounding villages, bearing loads destined for China.
每天,数百辆卡车飞驰过周围的村庄,载着货物开往中国。
There is nothing new about China's interest in African raw materials.
中国对非洲原材料感兴趣,这并不稀奇。
Both Chinese and Western commodities companies have long looked to the continent's mineral wealth as a way to meet surging demand from China.
长久以来,中国和西方大宗商品企业都依靠这片大陆上的矿物资源满足中国急剧增长的需求。
But difficulties building infrastructure and negotiating mineral rights have stymied many projects.
但是基础设施建筑和采矿权谈判中的困难妨碍了很多项目。
As a result of years of squabbling over mining rights, for example, not one tonne of ore has been extracted from Simandou, a vast iron-ore deposit in south-east Guinea.
例如,由于采矿权争端,多年来一处位于几内亚东南部的巨大铁矿床没有提取出过一公吨的矿石。

几内亚人的火星生活(1).png

Extracting Boké's bauxite has met with less resistance.

提炼博凯大区铝土矿所遇到的阻力要小一些。
Bauxite is used in many things from power lines and planes to phones and cooking pots. China is by far the world's largest consumer.
铝土矿被用于很多领域,从输电线和飞机到电话和烹饪锅。目前,中国是世界最大的铝土矿消费国。
But in 2014, the country's aluminium giants ran into a big problem acquiring bauxite.
但在2014年,该国的铝矿巨头在获取铝土矿中遇上了一个大麻烦。
Indonesia, a large producer, stopped exports because of the damage that mining causes—
由于采矿所带来的破坏,铝土矿生产大国印尼停止出口铝土矿—
it requires stripping vast amounts of topsoil and battering the ground beneath. Two years later, Malaysia ended bauxite mining for the same reason.
采矿需要剥离大量表层土,对地表下层进行猛击。两年后,马来西亚也因同样的原因停止了铝土矿的开采。
Guinea, with the largest untapped iron and bauxite reserves in the world, offered an alternative.
拥有世界最大未开发铁矿和铝土矿储备的几内亚成为了替代。
In 2014 Winning Shipping, a Singaporean maritime firm, and UMS, a Guinean logistics firm, teamed up with Shandong Weiqiao,
2014年,一家新加坡海事公司韦立航运和一家几内亚物流公司UMS与中国领头铝生产商山东魏桥公司合作
China's leading aluminium producer, in a joint venture called La Société Minière de Boké (SMB). Guinea's government also holds a 10% stake.
成立一家名为博凯矿业公司(SMB)的合资公司。几内亚政府也拥有该公司10%的股份。
SMB obtained rights to mine two areas in Boke, producing the first bauxite in 2015.
SMB拥有博凯大区两处区域的采矿权,并于2015年开采了第一批铝土矿。
SMB alone will produce 35m tonnes in 2018, almost double Guinea's total exports five years earlier.
2018年,仅SMB一家公司就将生产3500百万公吨铝土矿,是几内亚五年前出口总量的近两倍。
Everything goes to China; almost half of its bauxite imports come from Guinea.
出口中国的铝土矿中,有将近一半的进口来自于几内亚。
"The stars were aligned," is how Frederic Bouzigues, SMB's director-general, describes the firm's expansion.
“是上天的安排,”SMB的总负责人Frederic Bouzigues这样描述公司的扩张。
Other bauxite miners are based further inland and are constrained by a lack of railway lines to the coast.
其他铝土矿矿主位于内陆腹地,他们缺乏连接海岸的铁路,因而受到限制。
SMB's sites are less than 50km from the sea; the company built two ports and roads and transports everything by land on lorries.
SMB的所在地距离大海不足50公里;公司建了两个港口和公路,并使用卡车经由陆路运输所有货物。

译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
inland ['inlənd]

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adj. 内陆的,国内的
adv. 内陆地

 
venture ['ventʃə]

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n. 冒险,风险,投机
v. 尝试,谨慎地做,

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produce [prə'dju:s]

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n. 产品,农作物
vt. 生产,提出,引起,

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mineral ['minərəl]

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adj. 矿物的
n. 矿物,矿石

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bauxite ['bɔ:ksait]

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n. 铝土岩(产铝的矿土、石)

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joint [dʒɔint]

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adj. 联合的,共同的,合资的,连带的
n.

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logistics [ləu'dʒistiks]

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n. 后勤学,运筹学,物流

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constrained [kən'streind]

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adj. 被强迫的;不舒服的;拘泥的 v. 强迫;驱使;

 
saliva [sə'laivə]

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n. 唾液

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resistance [ri'zistəns]

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n. 抵抗力,反抗,反抗行动;阻力,电阻;反对

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