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新概念英语第二册课堂笔记-第20课

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Lesson 20

★New words and expressions

☆catch(caught,caught) v.抓到
catch fish:抓鱼;catch thief:抓小偷
记住几个短语:
catch a cold:感冒;catch a bus:赶上车;catch one's breath:屏住呼吸;catch sight of=see;catch fire:着火;catch one's eyes:吸引某人注意力

☆fisherman n.钓鱼人,渔民
[注]不要忘了er哦

☆boot n.靴子
a pair of boots

☆waste n.浪费
v.You are wasting time.
n.a waste of
It is a waste of time/money/food.

☆realize v.意识到
eg:I realized that I was wrong.
实现:realize one's dream

★Text

One man in a boat
Fishing is my favourite sport.I often fish for hours without catching anything.But this does not worry me.Some fisherman are unlucky.Instead of catching fish,they catch old boots and rubbish.I am even less lucky.I never catch anything-not even old boots.After having spent whole morning on the river,I always go home with an empty bay.'You must give up fishing!'my friends say.'It's a waste of time.'But they don't realize one important thing.I'm not really interested in fishing.I am only interested in sitting in a boat and doing nothing at all!

●本课的重点是-ing形式

☆fish n.鱼:一般情况下作为不可数名词用
eg:I have bought some fish.
在表示种类时为可数名词
eg:There are a lot of fishes in the sea.

v.钓鱼-->n.fishing
主语通常由名词和代词充当。动词+ing就变成名词词性
如:eat->eating;read->reading

☆...without catching anything.
without(prep),介词后面一定要加宾语
同样,动词+ing变为名词做宾语

without doing作为状语而出现,表示结果状语
eg:He went out without saying any words.
Without asking for money,the boy went to school.
without后面的动作由主语来做

☆instead of后面的词一定是没有做的,可以放在主句后面
与without比较:
without强调没有做某事
instead of强调这件事没做成而做成了另外一件事(有“代替”的含义)
翻译成:我原准备做……但是后来做了……
eg:I go to school instead of staying at home.
I bought books instead of buying dresses.

☆v.worry sb:宾语为主语而感到担心
adj.be worried about:主语为宾语而感到担心

☆less+原级
A is less...than B.“不如”

☆after
after+从句(连词)从句的主语必须是主句的主语才能换成下面一种形式
after+名词/动词ing形式
eg:After I go to school,I learned a lot of knowledge.
=After going to school,I learned a lot of knowledge.(主语都是I)

☆give up doing=stop doing:放弃做某事
give up smoking:戒烟

☆be keen on,be fond of,be interested in,enjoy+doing:喜欢

☆be up to,be capable of:胜任

重点单词   查看全部解释    
rubbish ['rʌbiʃ]

想一想再看

n. 垃圾,废物,废话
v. 贬损

 
capable ['keipəbl]

想一想再看

adj. 有能力的,足以胜任的,有 ... 倾向的

 
keen [ki:n]

想一想再看

adj. 锋利的,敏锐的,强烈的,精明的,热衷的 <

 


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