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SAT官方每日一题附答案和解析[阅读](2020年5月7日)

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Critical Reading>Select an Answer

The question "What absolutely is the best government?" is unanswerable as well as indeterminate; or rather, there are as many good answers as there are possible combinations in the absolute and relative situations of all nations.

But if it is asked by what sign we may know that a given people is well or ill governed, that is another matter, and the question, being one of fact, admits of an answer.

It is not, however, answered, because every-one wants to answer it in his own way. Subjects extol public tranquility, citizens individual liberty; the one class prefers security of possessions, the other that of person; the one regards as the best government that which is most severe, the other maintains that the mildest is the best; the one wants crimes punished, the other wants them prevented; the one wants the State to be feared by its neighbours, the other prefers that it should be ignored; the one is content if money circulates, the other demands that the people shall have bread. Even if an agreement were come to on these and similar points, should we have got any further? As moral qualities do not admit of exact measurement, agreement about the mark does not mean agreement about the valuation.

For my part, I am continually astonished that a mark so simple is not recognised, or that men are of so bad faith as not to admit it. What is the end of political association? The preservation and prosperity of its members. And what is the surest mark of their preservation and prosperity? Their numbers and population. Seek then nowhere else this mark that is in dispute. The rest being equal, the government under which, without external aids, without naturalisation or colonies, the citizens increase and multiply most, is beyond question the best. The government under which a people wanes and diminishes is worst. Calculators, it is left for you to count, to measure, to compare.

The primary purpose of the third paragraph is to ____

A.emphasize the competing priorities among groups of people.
B.specify the necessary components of a functional political system.
C.demonstrate that most individuals do not behave morally.
D.highlight the inconsistencies in one government's approaches to issues.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
extol [iks'təul]

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vt. 颂杨,称赞

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numerous ['nju:mərəs]

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adj. 为数众多的,许多

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disagree [.disə'gri:]

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v. 不一致,有分歧,不适应,不适宜

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highlight ['hailait]

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n. 加亮区,精彩部分,最重要的细节或事件,闪光点

 
specify ['spesifai]

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v. 指定,阐述,详细说明

 
association [ə.səusi'eiʃən]

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n. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想

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emphasize ['emfəsaiz]

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vt. 强调,着重

 
functional ['fʌŋkʃənəl]

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adj. 功能的,有功能的,实用的

 
astonished [əs'tɔniʃt]

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adj. 惊讶的 动词astonish的过去式和过去分词

 
severe [si'viə]

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adj. 剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,严厉的,严格的

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