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托福考试中需掌握的重要习语

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很多托福考生都意识到美国习语的重要性,认为积累这些习语对提高听力有很大的帮助。为体现习语的原汁原味,本文未对这些词组进行翻译,不过在每个词组后面都有相应的英文解释。

above all - most importantly

account for - explain

as a matter of fact - in fact ,to speak the truth

as a rule - generally ;normally

about to - be ready to;be on the point of doing something

an old hand - be an experienced persom

any day now -soon

approach sb -talk to sb

be fed up with - be out of patience with

be on one’s own - live independently

be on the safe side - take no chances

be out of something - have no longer in supply

be tired of - be bored with ,frustrated with

be up to ones’ears - be extremely busy

be up to someone -be a person’s responsibility

be out for -trying to get

be out of the question - be unacceptable ,impossible

bite off more than one can chew - take on more than one can handle

break down - cease to function

break the ice - begin to be friendly wuth people one doesn’t know

break the news - inform or give bad news

brush up on - imporve noe’s knowledge of something through study

bump into - meet unexpectedly

by and large - in general

by heart - by memory

by all means - absolutely ,definitely

by no means - in no way

call off -cancel

cheer up - be happy

come down with - become sick with

come into -receive,especially after another’s death

come up with - think of

count on - depend upon

count out - eliminate

die down - become quiet ,become less

do without - manage without something

drop by - visit informally; pay a short visit

every other - alternate

fall behind - lag; fail to accomplish something on time

fall through - fail to happen or be completed

far cry form - completely different from;a long way

feel like - have a desire or wish for

feel up to - feel well enough to or be capabele of

few and far between - not happening often; rate

figure out - determine; reason out by thinking

fill in for -take another’s place

fill sb.in - tell what sb. should know

fish out of water - out of one’s element or natural environment

flying colors -success,victory

for good - permanently; forever

for the time being - for now; temporarily

get away with - escape without punishment

get rid of - give something away; sell, destroy, or throw away something

get the ball rolling - start something; make a beginning

get the hang of - understand; learn

give a hand - help

go without saying - understood; clear without needing to be stated

go off -begin to ring

hang on - keep hold of; persevere;keep doing something

hard to come by - difficult to obtain

have a heart - have kind feelings; be understanding

have a hunch - have an idea based on feelings rather than reason

hold off - delay;postpone

hop to it - get started on something quickly

hit it off - get along well with someone

ill at ease - uncomfortable

in hot water - in trouble

in the air -uncertain

in the dark - keep someone without knowdge; information from somenoe

in the lone run - looking toward the future; eventually

ins and outs - all the details; the various parts and difficulties to be seen

iron out - remove the difficulties or find an answer for

jump to conclusions - arrive too quickly at a decision or opinion

keep an eye on - watch closely

keep one’sfingers crossed - wish that nothing goes wrong

keep on one’s toes - be ready for action; prepared

knock oneself out - make a great effort

learn the ropes - learn the rules and routines of a place or activity

little by little -gradually

make ends meet - to get just enough money for noe’s needs

make out - manage;get along

mean to - intentional; on purpose

might as well - to have no strong reson not to

next to nothing - almost nothing; very inexpensive

not to mention - in addition

off balance - unaware; off guard

on the go - working or doing something all the time

on pins and needles - nervous; anxious; full of anticipation

on purpose - deliberately; intentionally

on the blink - not working properly;broken

on the right track - thinking or doing something correctly

on the tip of noe’s tongue - to be about to remember somthing

once in a blue moon - rarely; almost never

out of it - not involved in

pick up the tab - pay the bill or the cost of something

piece of cake - easy

play by ear - act spontaneously; without planning

pill it off - accomplish

pull one’s leg - make fun of somenoe in a playgul way; make somenoe believe something that is not ture

quite a few - many

raise the roof -angry

right away - immediately

run for office - compete for an elected position

save one’s breath - to keep silent because talking would not achieve anyting

say that again - a saying that means; I agree completely

stone’s throw - short distance

search me - an answer that means; I don’t know

serves one right - is deserving of

sleep on it - think about something for a while

straighten up - clean up; make tidy

take a break - rest for a while; stop one’s work or activity

think nothing of it - that’s all right

throw cold water on - discourage; lessen enthusiasm for

to say the least - at the lowest estimate

touch on - mention a subject briefly

under the water - not feeling well

wait around - waiting in vain

wait on - attend as a servant;serve

well worth the trouble - it deseres the inconvenience or trouble

whole new ballgame - an entirely different situation

with flying colors - succeed very well

without a hitch - without difficulty or delay

重点单词   查看全部解释    
enthusiasm [in'θju:ziæzəm]

想一想再看

n. 热情,热心;热衷的事物

联想记忆
decision [di'siʒən]

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n. 决定,决策

 
discourage [dis'kʌridʒ]

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vt. 使气馁,阻碍

联想记忆
delay [di'lei]

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v. 耽搁,推迟,延误
n. 耽搁,推迟,延期

 
experienced [iks'piəriənst]

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adj. 有经验的

 
hunch [hʌntʃ]

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n. 肉峰,预感,块 v. 弯腰驼背,弓起背部,耸肩

 
absolutely ['æbsəlu:tli]

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adv. 绝对地,完全地;独立地

 
inform [in'fɔ:m]

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v. 通知,告诉,向 ... 报告,告发

联想记忆
chew [tʃu:]

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vt. 咀嚼,嚼碎,损坏
vi. 咀嚼

 
persevere [.pə:si'viə]

想一想再看

v. 坚持,孜孜不倦,不屈不挠

联想记忆


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