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词汇大师第162期:重音和阅读材料的选择

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今天的《词汇大师》讨论了几个有趣的问题。

首先,是关于重音的问题。例句:I am an English teacher.如果重音在English上则代表这句话想说的是我是英语老师,重点强调“英语”。如果重音在teacher上,则是表示我是一名老师,属性是英国的。

其次词汇大师讨论了如何调动学生讨论时事current event的积极性。词汇大师告诉我们时事新闻的语言一般具有一定的难度,最好是给学生时间阅读理解后再讨论。另外,对于一些人来说,新闻时事可能有一定的枯燥性,最好是选择与己相关,或是有趣味性的阅读材料。

Broadcast on "Coast to Coast": November 14, 2002
Rebroadcast on VOA News Now: November 17, 2002

AA: I'm Avi Arditti with Rosanne Skirble, and this week on Wordmaster, English teacher Lida Baker answers some of your questions.

RS: Starting with this from "Sunny," He Hong Feng, who asks: "May I say I am an English teacher or should I say I am a teacher of English, as I am a Chinese."

BAKER: "If he says that he is an ENGLISH teacher, with the stress on the word English, it means that he is a teacher of the English language. So he is an ENGLISH teacher. Now, on the other hand, if you say 'I am an ENGLISH TEACHER,' notice that both of the words there are stressed equally, an ENGLISH TEACHER. That means that you are a teacher whose nationality is English. Now I just want to throw out a parallel case, quite a well-known one, which is: Where does the president of the United States live?"

AA: "The White House."

BAKER: "The White House. And you stressed the first word, WHITE House. Now, one the other hand, if you stressed both words equally and you say WHITE HOUSE, how would you use that?"

AA: "I live in the white house."

RS: "As opposed to the blue house or the green house."

BAKER: "Correct."

AA: "Moving on, Rick Ming is a junior majoring in English in China, and he would like to know how to get his classmates more interested in current affairs. He says: 'Unfortunately, not all my classmates care about current affairs. So the point is, how I am able to motivate them to express the views on news freely in class?'"

BAKER: "People are interested in something or they're not. Most people are interested in things that are of some kind of relevance to their lives. So I would say if you want to discuss current events with your classmates, try to select topics or issues that affect their lives in one way or another.

"But I suspect that a larger problem is, it's not that they're not interested in current events, but rather it may be that his classmates just feel that they don't have enough English to be able to do this competently. So some ideas that come to my mind are, instead of talking about, for example, Voice of America news headlines, to select the feature stories, which have the scripts, posted on the Internet.

And before having the discussion with his classmates, each person could read the scripts and that would give them the opportunity to spend some time learning the vocabulary and thinking about the background of the topic involved. So that's one thought that I had.

"Another one that I had was to give some thought to the linguistic skills that are necessary in order to sustain a conversation or a discussion in English. If you're talking about current events with somebody, you would need to know how to express an opinion. You would need to know how to agree with somebody or to disagree with somebody. You would need to know how to ask questions. You would need to know how to ask somebody to repeat what they have just said, or to explain what they have just said.

"Now all of those how-to's that I've just mentioned are called language functions. And it might be useful for this student to approach his English teacher and ask the teacher to help him and his classmates learn some of these functions."

RS: "It might also be a good idea for him to start a separate study group."

BAKER: "I thought of that."

RS: "A group that perhaps looks at an English language newspaper or looks at the VOA Web site, or — "

BAKER: "Or a club."

RS: "Or a club, exactly, where interested people come together for this particular purpose."

BAKER: "Sure. One other idea that I had is to make use of the Internet. There is a Web site, for example, called Dave's ESL Cafe. And there are all kinds of discussion forums. But if you went to a search engine and you typed in something like 'ESL discussion groups' I suspect you would find others as well. So I think it's very worthwhile to make use of the Internet, you know, via an online discussion group."

RS: "And make new friends."

BAKER: "That's right."

AA: Lida Baker teaches in the American Language Center at the University of California at Los Angeles — that is, when she's not writing books for English learners. Lida can't answer questions personally, but send them to Rosanne and me.

RS: Write us at VOA Wordmaster, Washington, DC 20237 USA or word@voanews.com. And our Web site is voanews.com/wordmaster. With Avi Arditti, I'm Rosanne Skirble.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
conversation [.kɔnvə'seiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 会话,谈话

联想记忆
affect [ə'fekt]

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vt. 影响,作用,感动

联想记忆
current ['kʌrənt]

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n. (水、气、电)流,趋势
adj. 流通的

联想记忆
relevance ['relivəns]

想一想再看

n. 中肯,适当,关联,相关性

 
motivate ['məutiveit]

想一想再看

vt. 给与动机,激发(兴趣或欲望)

联想记忆
linguistic [liŋ'gwistik]

想一想再看

adj. 语言的,语言学的

 
sustain [səs'tein]

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vt. 承受,支持,经受,维持,认可

联想记忆
particular [pə'tikjulə]

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adj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的
n.

联想记忆
stress [stres]

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n. 紧张,压力
v. 强调,着重

 
parallel ['pærəlel]

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adj. 平行的,相同的,类似的,并联的
n.

联想记忆


关键字: 时事 重音 词汇大师

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