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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):新冠病毒引发全球经济动荡

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The fast-spreading new coronavirus is hurting the world's economies, lowering production and limiting travel.

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On Monday, the New York Stock Exchange stopped trading five minutes after opening, as the Standard and Poor financial index fell 7 percent. The automatic 15-minute halt took place to avoid a market crash. Financial markets in Japan, Hong Kong and Europe also ended the day lower than they opened.

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Late Sunday, the price of oil dropped nearly 20 percent, after oil producers Russia and Saudi Arabia fought over production limits and oil prices.

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Johns Hopkins University in the state of Maryland is reporting the spread of the coronavirus in real time. By Monday, it had counted more than 111,000 cases of infections around the world, including more than 3,800 deaths.

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Italy has reported more than 7,300 cases of the coronavirus disease, called COVID-19. At least 460 people there have died of the disease. On Monday, the Italian government expanded travel restrictions to include the whole country of 60 million people. Experts fear the limits on travel in and out of the country could lead to a nationwide recession.

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Across Italy, schools are closed. People are urged to keep a one-meter distance from each other. In overcrowded Italian prisons, prisoners rioted over new measures to contain the spread of the disease. Six people died in the violence.

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In the United States, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the National Institutes of Health's infectious diseases chief, said Sunday that locking down an area or city in the U.S. is "possible."

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The United States has more than 560 confirmed infections and at least 21 deaths. Most of the deaths have happened at a nursing home near Seattle, Washington.

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In Washington, D.C., four members of Congress say they are voluntarily isolating themselves after learning they came in contact with an infected person late last month.

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A cruise ship off the coast of California has at least 21 confirmed cases of COVID-19. The Grand Princess ship is expected to arrive in the city of Oakland. From there, more than 2,000 passengers will be sent to military bases or their home countries for a 14-day quarantine period. More than 1,000 crew members will be treated and quarantined on the ship.

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Iranian state television reports that the disease has killed up to 237 people. The country has more than 7,000 confirmed cases. But many fear the actual numbers of cases there could be much higher.

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Saudi Arabia cut off all travel to and from Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Lebanon, South Korea, Syria and the United Arab Emirates. All Saudi schools and universities closed beginning Monday. And Qatar announced it would shut down schools and universities beginning Tuesday.

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Albania and Brunei both announced their first cases of COVID-19 Monday. And the president of the Philippines declared a public health emergency.

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In mainland China, more than 80,000 people have been infected and over 3,000 have died. On Monday, however, government officials reported just 40 new cases of the virus. Last month, the number of new daily cases was often in the thousands.

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After an extended Lunar New Year holiday, people across China slowly returned to work. Beijing's city government is operating with only about half of its usual workers in the office. Face masks are required, and workers must sit at least one meter apart.

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Chinese factories that make many of the world's smartphones, toys and other goods are not expected to reach normal production until at least April. Travel limits are still in place in many areas, making it difficult for employees to get back to work.

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South Korea has more than 7,400 cases of infections, the highest number after China. The country has reported 53 deaths. The country's health minister told CNN Monday, "We are hoping that we have passed the peak, taking the numbers into consideration..."

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As the number of infections continue to rise, researchers around the world are racing to create a vaccine.

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They are experimenting with different kinds of vaccines. Some researchers are even aiming for a temporary vaccine that might protect a person's health for a short period of time until a long-term vaccination is developed.

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Judith O'Donnell is the infectious disease chief at Penn Presbyterian Medical Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She said, "having a lot of different vaccines -- with a lot of different theories behind the science of generating immunity" offers the best chance of finding a successful solution.

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She added, however, "Until we test them in humans we have absolutely no idea what the immune response will be."

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I'm Caty Weaver.

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And I'm Ashley Thompson.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
solution [sə'lu:ʃən]

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n. 解答,解决办法,溶解,溶液

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vaccine ['væksi:n]

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n. 疫苗

 
counted [kaunt]

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vt. 计算;认为 vi. 计数;有价值 n. 计数;计

 
protect [prə'tekt]

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vt. 保护,投保

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confirmed [kən'fə:md]

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adj. 习惯的,积习的,确认过的,证实的 动词conf

 
minutes ['minits]

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n. 会议记录,(复数)分钟

 
immunity [i'mju:niti]

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n. 免疫,免疫性,免除

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response [ri'spɔns]

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n. 回答,响应,反应,答复
n. [宗

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voluntarily ['vɔləntərili]

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adv. 自动地,以自由意志

 
temporary ['tempərəri]

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adj. 暂时的,临时的
n. 临时工

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