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VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国接收难民年度上限增至6.25万人

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Biden Raises US Refugee Limit to 62,500

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President Joe Biden officially raised the nation's cap on refugee admissions to 62,500 this year. The action came weeks after Biden faced criticism for his delay in removing the record-low limit set by former President Donald Trump.

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Refugee resettlement agencies have waited for Biden to increase the number of refugees permitted into the United States since February 12. That was the day he sent a presidential proposal to Congress saying he planned to do so.

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But the presidential proposal went unsigned until Monday. Biden said that before he could sign the plan, he needed to change narrow rules put in place by Trump that had kept out most refugees.

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After making the changes, Biden kept in Trump's cap of 15,000 refugees per year. He explained that the limit remained "justified by humanitarian concerns" and was "in the national interest."

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美国接收难民年度上限增至6.25万人.jpg

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That brought strong criticism. The number two Senate Democrat, Dick Durbin of Illinois, called the cap "unacceptable." Within hours, the White House changed the decision. It promised to increase the cap by May 15. It added, however, that it would not meet the 62,500 number the president had promised earlier. In the end, however, Biden said he received additional information that led him to return to that number.

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"It is important to take this action today to remove any lingering doubt in the minds of refugees around the world who have suffered so much," Biden stated before signing it.

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He said Trump's cap did not represent "America's values as a nation that welcomes and supports refugees."

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He also said it was a "sad truth" that the U.S. would not meet the number by the end of the fiscal year in September. That is because of the COVID-19 pandemic and limitations on the country's ability to resettle refugees. He blamed the limitations on the Trump administration's policies.

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The White House said it was unable to act until now because of the difficulties at the border as young migrants from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras continue arriving in large numbers. Supporters of an increase in the number of refugees, including Durbin, accused Biden of playing politics.

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The number of refugees is expected to be expanded to 125,000 for 2022. Only about 2,000 refugees have been resettled in the U.S. since October 1, 2020.

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Refugee resettlement agencies praised Biden's actions.

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Krish O'Mara Vignarajah is the head of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, one of nine resettlement agencies in the U.S. She said her organization is pleased, as are "families all across the world who look to the U.S. for protection."

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The United States, she added, is returning to worldwide "humanitarian leadership."

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Biden also ended Trump's restrictions on resettlements from Somalia, Syria and Yemen.

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About 35,000 refugees have been approved to enter the United States, with 100,000 others still waiting to be cleared.

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I'm Susan Shand.

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重点单词   查看全部解释    
proposal [prə'pəuzəl]

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n. 求婚,提议,建议

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pandemic [pæn'demik]

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adj. 全国流行的 n. (全国或全世界范围流行的)疾

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additional [ə'diʃənl]

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adj. 附加的,另外的

 
stringent ['strindʒənt]

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adj. 严格的,(银根)紧缩的,变紧的

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permitted

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adj. 被允许的 v. 允许(permit的过去分词)

 
disclosure [dis'kləuʒə]

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n. 揭发,败露

 
border ['bɔ:də]

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n. 边界,边境,边缘
vt. 与 ... 接

 
decision [di'siʒən]

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n. 决定,决策

 
delay [di'lei]

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v. 耽搁,推迟,延误
n. 耽搁,推迟,延期

 
remove [ri'mu:v]

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v. 消除,除去,脱掉,搬迁
n. 去除

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关键字: VOA慢速 美国 难民 上限

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