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经济学人:美国的工作与种族 薪资差距(2)

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Assuming their controls are adequate, that would still leave 90% of the wage difference between white workers and ethnic minorities, which was recently estimated to be 14%, unexplained.

假设他们的控制条件相同,那么白种人员工和少数族裔之间工资差距(最近的估计结果是14%)剩余的九成仍然原因未知。
This could conceivably be the product of discrimination, or of something else.
这一结论明显会被当作种族歧视的范例,或者是出于其他目的。
Digging out the cause of this curious gap remains hazardous.
深究这一奇怪差距的原因可能有些冒险。

美国的薪资和种族2.jpeg

Worse treatment by managers of minority workers may itself encourage slacking, says Philip Cohen, a sociologist at the University of Maryland.

马里兰大学的社会学家Philip Cohen觉得,管理者对少数族裔员工的态度越恶劣,员工的消极怠工情况就会越严重。
The authors argue that this point is moot, since self-employed minority workers show similar behaviour, but the difference is not statistically significant.
而论文作者则表示这种说法有待考证,因为个体经营的少数族裔人员也表现出类似的行为,只不过差别微小至可以忽略。
A recent experimental approach, in which cashiers in French grocers’ shops were randomly assigned to more- or less-biased managers, saw greater absences and more sluggish scanning when working under the unfair bosses.
一项最近开展的实验将法国零售商店的店员随机分配至存在不同程度偏见的管理者手下工作,其结果是:在不公正领导者手下工作的店员更容易缺席或怠工。
It found that eliminating manager bias would increase time spent at work by minorities by an estimated 2.5%.
根据估算,如果管理人员不存在偏颇现象,员工的实际工作时间将延长2.5%。
Uncomfortable though the topic may be, the authors have attempted a rigorous analysis.
虽然论题本身会令人稍觉不安,但论文作者的本意是进行严密的学术分析。
Denunciations came quickly, however.
不过,谴责之声接踵而至。
Within hours of publication, Mr Hamermesh received vitriolic messages and was labelled a racist in an online forum popular among economists.
文章发表后仅仅几个小时,Hamermesh先生便收到了各种言辞尖刻的来信,而且在一个经济学家云集的在线论坛上,他被打上了“种族主义者”的标签。
Mr Hamermesh, an avowed progressive, who refers to Donald Trump only by amusing nicknames and resigned from a post at the University of Texas over a state law permitting the open carrying of firearms, finds this unfair.
公认的进步分子Hamermesh先生认为这是不公平的,他用昵称来指代唐纳德特朗普,从禁止携带枪支的德克萨斯州大学辞职。
He notes that Americans work too much.
他认为美国人民工作负担过重。
His preferred solution would not be for some groups to work more, but for others to work less.
而他建议的解决方案并非让某些人承担更多的工作,而是减轻其他人的工作。

译文来源考研英语时事阅读

重点单词   查看全部解释    
experimental [iks.peri'mentl]

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adj. 实验(性)的,试验(性)的

 
adequate ['ædikwit]

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adj. 足够的,适当的,能胜任的

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resigned [ri'zaind]

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adj. 认命的,顺从的,听任的 动词resign的过去

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discrimination [di.skrimi'neiʃən]

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n. 歧视,辨别力,识别

 
sluggish ['slʌgiʃ]

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adj. 懒惰的,迟钝的,无精打采的

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uncomfortable [ʌn'kʌmftəbl]

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adj. 不舒服的,不自在的

 
randomly ['rændəmli]

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adv. 任意地,随便地,胡乱地

 
vitriolic [.vitri'ɔlik]

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adj. 硫酸的,刻薄的,挖苦的

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rigorous ['rigərəs]

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adj. 严厉的,严酷的,严格的,细致的

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unexplained

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adj. 未经解释的;未经说明的;不清楚的

 

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