手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 小学英语 > 小学英语教材 > 英国原版语文课 > 英国原版语文第六册 > 正文

英国语文第六册(MP3+中英字幕) 第134期:战争是什么?(1)

来源:可可英语 编辑:Vicki   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机

LESSON 36 What is war?

第三十六课 战争是什么?
WHAT is war? I believe that half the people that talk about war have not the slightest idea what it is. In a short sentence it may be summed up to be the combination and concentration of all the horrors, atrocities, crimes, and sufferings of which human nature on this globe is capable. But what is even a rumor of war? Is there anybody here who has anything in the funds, or who is the owner of any railway stock; or anybody who has a large stock of raw material or of manufactured goods? The funds have recently gone down 10 per cent. I do not say that the fall is all on account of this danger of war, but a great proportion of it undoubtedly is. A fall of 10 per cent, in the funds is nearly £80,000,000 sterling of value; and railway stock having gone down 20 per cent, makes a difference of £60,000,000 in the value of the railway property of this country. Add the two—£140,000,000—and take the diminished prosperity and value of manufactures of all kinds during the last few months, and you will under-state the actual loss to the country now if you put it down at £200,000,000 sterling. But that is merely a rumor of war. That is war a long way off—the small cloud no bigger than a man's hand: what will it be if it comes nearer and becomes a fact? And surely sane men ought to consider whether the case is a good one, the ground fair, the necessity clear, before they drag a nation of nearly thirty millions of people into a long and bloody struggle, for a decrepit and tottering empire, which all the nations in Europe cannot long sustain.
战争是什么?我相信在谈论战争的人当中有一半的人对战争的定义没有概念。简单来说,战争可以总结为世界上由人类本性所导致的所有的恐怖、暴行、罪行和苦难的集合。战争的后果又是什么?有谁持有基金吗,或者有谁持有铁路股票吗,或者有谁拥有大量原材料或制成品库存?这些基金最近下跌了10%。我不敢说基金的下跌全由战争所致,但无疑战争是其主要原因。基金下降了10个百分点,大概等同于80000000英镑的价值;铁路股票下跌了20%,这将影响该国价值60000000英镑的铁路财产。这两项加起来价值在140,000,000英镑,此外再加上过去几个月里各类制造业的萧条和下滑的价值,如果你的估值在200,000,000,那么你可能低估了国家的实际损失。而这仅仅是战争的一个后果,战争是一段漫长的旅程,而这只是大小还未比过手掌的一小朵云:如果战争更近了、爆发了,那么结果会是什么?当然,为了一个所有的欧洲国家都无法长期维持的腐朽而摇摇欲坠的帝国而将一个有着近三千万人口的国家拖入一场漫长而血腥的斗争,在此之前,理智之人应该考虑这么做是否有利、是否最恰当、是否是必然的。

d1160924ab18972be03bab22e8cd7b899f510ad0_副本.jpg

Well, if you go into war now, you will have more banners to decorate your cathedrals and churches. Englishmen will fight now as well as they ever did; and there is ample power to back them, if the country can be but sufficiently excited and deluded. You may raise up great generals. You may have another Wellington, and another Nelson too; for this country can grow men capable of every enterprise. Then there may be titles, and pensions, and marble monuments to eternize the men who have thus become great; —but what becomes of you and your country, and your children?

没错,如果你现在开战,你会有更多的横幅来装饰你们的教堂。英国人将战斗到底,只要这个国家足够疯狂、足够迷惑,那么就能有足够的力量支持他们战斗。你可以培养伟大的将军,可以塑造第二个威灵顿、第二个纳尔逊,因为这个国家能够培养各种能人志士。之后,为了让这些因此而变得伟大的人永垂不朽,国家可能会颁发头衔、提供养老金、建造大理石纪念碑。但是,你的下场会是什么?国家会怎么样?你的孩子呢?

重点单词   查看全部解释    
decorate ['dekəreit]

想一想再看

vt. 装饰,装修,授予某人奖章或其他奖状

 
marble ['mɑ:bl]

想一想再看

n. 大理石
vt. 使有大理石的花纹

 
prosperity [prɔs'periti]

想一想再看

n. 繁荣,兴旺

联想记忆
merely ['miəli]

想一想再看

adv. 仅仅,只不过

 
concentration [.kɔnsen'treiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 集中,专心,浓度

 
decrepit [di'krepit]

想一想再看

adj. 破旧的,衰老的

联想记忆
rumor ['ru:mə]

想一想再看

n. 谣言,传闻
vt. 谣传

 
capable ['keipəbl]

想一想再看

adj. 有能力的,足以胜任的,有 ... 倾向的

 
property ['prɔpəti]

想一想再看

n. 财产,所有物,性质,地产,道具

联想记忆
necessity [ni'sesiti]

想一想再看

n. 需要,必需品,必然

 

发布评论我来说2句

    最新文章

    可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。