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In April of 1945, Frankl had a welcome sight - American soldiers. They had come to liberate the concentration camps, meaning Frankl was once again a free man. He did not have family left, save for a sister who had escaped to Australia. He was essentially starting new in the world - but he had his ideas, his education, and his professional experience. So he put his ideas into writing.
In only nine days during the summer of 1945 Frankl dictated a full manuscript. The result was "Man's Search for Meaning," a description of what life was like in the concentration camps and the coinciding realizations Frankl had during his time as a prisoner about the need for meaning in human life and the role of suffering in the world. The book served as the basic outline for 'logotherapy,' the idea posited by Frankl that men are most driven by a search for meaning.
By 1946, he was fully back into his professional world, running the Vienna Polyclinic of Neurology. By 1948, he had earned a PhD in Philosophy. He began teaching at the University of Vienna, where he would remain as a professor until 1990.
After he was released from the concentration camp, Frankl also remarried. In 1947, he married Eleonore Schwint, and the two had a daughter together. As an adult, Frankl's daughter followed in her famous father's footsteps and became a child psychiatrist.
Though he was teaching at the University of Vienna, Frankl's teachings soon began to make a worldwide impact. With Freud and Adler as his predecessors, Vienna had already established itself as a center of psychological and psychiatric study. Freud and Adler were the first and second schools of Viennese Psychotherapy, and Frankl's ideas about man needing meaning in his life became the third.


By the mid 1950s Frankl was being invited to speak at universities around the world. He had also created the Austrian Medical Society for Psychotherapy, and headed up the organization. In 1955, the University of Vienna made him a full professor, and by 1961 he was serving as a visiting professor at Harvard and his ideas were being cemented in the minds of those studying psychotherapy in the United States. His academic career continued to grow, as he lectured at over 200 universities and was awarded an astonishing 29 honorary degrees. Though Man's Search For Meaning was by far his best known work, Frankl also wrote and published 39 other books during his lifetime. In 1970, he was honored by his peers when they created the "Viktor Frankl Insitute."

Among his academic work, Frankl still worked with patients. One of his methods was to ask the most depressed patients he encountered a seemingly simple six word question ... Why do you not commit suicide? From here, Frankl would discover what it was that the patient actually found joy in, what made their life worth living ... in other words, what the meaning was in their life. Once that discovery was made, he could start helping them to improve their mental health and to move away from thoughts of suicide.
As the 20th century progressed, Frankl shared his ideas in media beyond print. He appeared on television to discuss his ideas, bringing them to an entirely new audience. In one of his most famous television appearances he expounded on his idea that in the search for life's meaning one must have a balance of freedom and responsibility. During the discussion, he advocated for the United States to have a partner monument for the Statue of Liberty. The country should be bookended with a statue of responsibility on the West Coast, he argued. "Freedom, however, is not the last word. Freedom is only part of the story and half of the truth. Freedom is but the negative aspect of the whole phenomenon whose positive aspect is responsibleness. In fact, freedom is in danger of degenerating into mere arbitrariness unless it is lived in terms of responsibleness. That is why I recommend that the Statue of Liberty on the East Coast be supplemented by a Statue of Responsibility on the West Coast"
Answering letters and doing interviews, Frankl continued to share his message and teach the world about his theories of psychoanalysis right up until his death in 1992. In one of his last interviews, Frankl made the poignant observation that even looking back decades later, he could still find value in his suffering at the concentration camps. As he saw it, the suffering gave him a valuable perspective on what real trouble is, making him more appreciative of the life he could live freely from 1946 onward. "What I would have given then if I could have had no greater problem than I face today," he said in 1995.

重点单词   查看全部解释    
statue ['stætju:]


n. 塑像,雕像

partner ['pɑ:tnə]


n. 搭档,伙伴,合伙人
v. 同 ... 合

phenomenon [fi'nɔminən]


n. 现象,迹象,(稀有)事件

psychological [.saikə'lɔdʒikəl]


adj. 心理(学)的

perspective [pə'spektiv]


n. 远景,看法,透视
adj. 透视的

observation [.ɔbzə'veiʃən]


n. 观察,观察力,评论
adj. 被设计用来

established [is'tæbliʃt]


adj. 已被确认的,确定的,建立的,制定的 动词est

professional [prə'feʃənl]


adj. 职业的,专业的,专门的
n. 专业人

essentially [i'senʃəli]


adv. 本质上,本来

concentration [.kɔnsen'treiʃən]


n. 集中,专心,浓度